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Apa itu Repository di Sistem Linux? - Penjelasan dari dani31.xyz

Apa itu Repository di Sistem Linux?


Apa reposiroty itu? 

Repository itu adalah tempat penyimpanan berbagai macam program/aplikasi/software untuk Linux sesuai dengan nama distronya masing-masing. Data yang ada di Reposiroty dapat diakses dengan koneksi internet dan ada juga yang tersedia dalam bentuk DVD sebagai alternatif.


File Repository pada Linux terdapat di Directory “/etc/apt/sources.list”. Untuk membuka file ini Anda dapat mengetikan baris kode “sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list” atau “sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list” pada terminal. File Repository dapat Anda edit sesuai keinginan Anda. Secara default Distro Linux yang kita install mengambil Repository dari luar negeri, Anda dapat mengubahnya ke Repository dalam negeri. 


Untuk Anda ingat, tidak semua paket data software untuk Linux ada atau tersedia di Repository lokal di indonesia, dikarenakan repository tersebut terkadang hanya melakukan cloning repository tertentu bisa dibilang hanya beberapa saja. alasannya terkadang dari segi size yang tersimpan di server tersebut. Mungkin di suatu kesempatan Anda harus menambahkan Repository khusus untuk software-softwrae tertentu.


Berikut ini beberapa Repository Lokal yang dapat Anda gunakan untuk siistem operasi linux anda, disini saya menggunakan distro ubuntu.


Distro Ubuntu 18.04  :



REPOSITORY UBUNTU BIONIC BEAVER 18.04 LTS

KAMBING.UI.AC.ID

deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse

BUAYA.KLAS.OR.ID


deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

KARTOLO.DATAUTAMA.SBY.NET.ID


deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

KEBO.PENS.AC.ID


deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://kebo.pens.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

MIRROR.CLOUD.ID


deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://mirror.cloud.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

MIRROR.KAVALINUX.COM


deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://mirror.kavalinux.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

MIRROR.OMADATA.COM


deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://mirror.omadata.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 


MIRROR.UNEJ.AC.ID


deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://mirror.unej.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

REPO.UNPATI.AC.ID


deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://repo.unpatti.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse
 

SURO.UBOYO.AC.ID


deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic universe
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates universe
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic multiverse
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-updates multiverse
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security universe
deb http://suro.ubaya.ac.id/ubuntu/ bionic-security multiverse

 


CARA MENGGANTI REPOSITORY PADA  LINUX


Untuk melakukan pergantian repositorty, kita wajib melakukan backup terlebih dahulu Repository bawaan melalui terminal dengan mengetikkan perintah;

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.original
Setelah backup repository berhasil, kemudian ganti/hapus isi berkas /etc/apt/sources.list. Caranya ketik perintah;

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
Kemudian kita ganti/hapus isi berkas-nya lalu ganti dengan salah satu Mirror diatas yang lokasinya paling dekat dengan domisili kalian. Langkah terakhir adalah dengan melkukan update repository agar mengarah ke mirror yang kita pilih dengan mengetik;

sudo apt update

 

 jika sudah maka akan tampil hasi seperti berikut:


terminal linux


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